VIRTUAL BOOKS: Old Wine in New Bottles

ADVERT​ 
                                     
See chap 19, pp. 350-89:  ROBIN FOX : "Marry In or Die Out: Optimal Inbreeding and the Meaning of Mediogamy." Handbook on Evolution and Society. Paradigm Books, 2015

                                                           “Of course we marry cousins.  What would you                                                                     have us do, marry strangers?”
                                                                                      Groom at a Baghdad wedding (2003)
 Abstract:
 This is a re-thinking of the analysis of exogamy and endogamy with a new approach to the adaptive benefits of the latter.  Bateson’s principle of optimal inbreeding in plants and animals, leads to the definition of mediogamy (close cousin marriage) as the human equivalent.  Incest avoidance is examined as the driver of human exogamy and as a form of dispersion subject to general laws of fragmentation and dispersion.  The basic forms of exogamic marriage, the human phenomenon of endogamy through parallel-cousin marriage, dispersion in animals and humans and its relationship to the preservation of the optimal number (after Malthus) are examined. The possibility is explored that a mechanism other than resource optimization is responsible for population segmentation and dispersion across species, namely optimization of fertility by consanguineous mating.   Data from four taxa and from human birth records (and the Ptolomies, Incas and Yanomamo)  suggest that the same underlying mechanisms are present from single-celled organisms to humans, governing population fluctuations and fragmentation that have to do with preserving levels of fertility through optimal inbreeding and losing them through dilution of consanguinity.  This challenges the Malthusian resource-based paradigm, and makes mediogamy the optimal strategy in human mating systems. The consequences of its decline for fertility levels in current populations are suggested.
 
 
 
 

BACK TO: VIRTUAL BOOKS - Old wine in new bottles.


These "virtual books"  (v-Books?) are works in progress.  The idea is that my various collections of essays have not each concentrated on one theme in anthropology but have covered many themes and topics. So here I have taken some general topic areas (literature, kinship, aggression and warfare, theory, evolution of mind,  etc) and gathered together the chapters that fit more or less under those headings from various books and a few other sources.

 As it stands the results are "virtual " books in that they only exist in this form on this site.  The reader will have to go back to the original sources to get each chapter.  To turn this from a virtual to a real exercise - for example to make them into e-Books, would be possible, but is something for the future. For now they act as a useful reference for anyone interested in my contributions to specific areas; indeed they were started in response to student requests.

 Some items obviously belong in more than one collection (Antigone belongs in both literature and kinship e.g.) so rather than put them in more than one (which would defeat the purpose) I have made a choice, even though I have always protested against or ignored this compartmentalization of knowledge.  You may make a different choice. Go ahead!  Make up your own v-Book.  More to follow.



VIRTUAL BOOK ONE



ANOTHER WAY TO SAY ANTHROPOLOGY

Collected Studies in Literature, Evolution and Society (1961-2016)

ROBIN FOX

Introduction (The title is taken from a review of The Violent Imagination)

 Cards, Cads and Angry Young Men: Hypergamy in Modern British Fiction

 Who Gets the Women? Sexual Conflict in Evolution and the Epics

Red-Cotton Nightcap Country: Browning’s Appreciation of Judicial Wisdom

The Golden Bough and Frazer’s Descent into Anthropology

The Virgin and the Godfather: Kinship, the State and Antigone’s Motives

In the Company of Men: Tribal Bonds and Warrior Epics

Incest and In-Laws: Primal Bonds and Civilized Narratives

Forbidden Partners:  Ancient Themes in Modern Literature

Playing by the Rules: Mind, Memory and Evolution in Swinburne and the Rhyming Poets

​Another Way to Say Anthropology
     Ode to the Selfish Gene
     Evolutionary Poetics
     What the Hunter Saw: Incident at Shanidar
     What the Shaman Saw: Incident at Lascaux
     The Dream-Man​



ANOTHER WAY TO SAY ANTHROPOLOGY (SOURCES)

Collected Studies in Literature, Evolution and Society

ROBIN FOX

Cards, Cads and Angry Young Men: Hypergamy in Modern British Fiction                       
 --- From:  Encounter with Anthropology  (1973, 1991)

Who Gets the Women? Sexual Conflict in Evolution and the Epics                      
 --- From: Conjectures and Confrontations (1997)

Red-Cotton Nightcap Country: Browning’s Appreciation of Judicial Wisdom
The Golden Bough and Frazer’s Descent into Anthropology                       
  --- From: The Challenge of Anthropology: Old Encounters and New Excursions (1994, 1995)

The Virgin and the Godfather: Kinship, the State and Antigone’s Motives                      
 ---From: Reproduction and Succession (1993, 1996)

In the Company of Men: Tribal Bonds and Warrior Epics
Incest and In-Laws: Primal Bonds and Civilized Narratives
Forbidden Partners:  Ancient Themes in Modern Literature
Playing by the Rules: Mind, Memory and Evolution in Swinburne and the Rhyming Poets                 
--- From:  The Tribal Imagination: Civilization and the Savage Mind (2011)

Another Way to Say Anthropology
     Ode to the Selfish Gene
     Evolutionary Poetics
     What the Hunter Saw: Incident at Shanidar
     What the Shaman Saw: Incident at Lascaux
---From: The Passionate Mind: Sources of Destruction and Creativity (2OOO)
     
The Dream-Man
 --- From: The Tribal Imagination
 
Conclusion

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VIRTUAL BOOK TWO



SISTERS' SONS AND MONKEYS' UNCLES


​ COLLECTED STUDIES IN KINSHIP AND THE NATURAL ORDER (1962-2016)

Robin Fox

Introduction

The Conditions of Sexual Evolution: The Law of the Dispensable Male

Comparative Family Patterns: The Taming of the Dispensable Male

Kinship and Alliance: The Creation of In-laws

Sibling Incest: The Costs of Inbreeding and the Westermarck Effect

The Female Orgasm: Adaptation or Accident?

Primate Kin and Human Kinship: The Passage from Domination to Allocation 

Sisters' Sons and Monkeys' Uncles: Six Theories in Search of an Avunculate  

Kinship Categories as Natural Categories: The Universe in the Frog Pond

Evolving Kinship: Crow-Omaha Systems and the Elementary-Complex Continuum.

Exchange of Sisters' Daughters' Daughters: Will the Real Murngin System Please Stand Up?

Kinship and Marriage on the Moon: Limits of the Possible

Marry In or Die Out: the Costs of Outbreeding and the Meaning of Mediogamy

Morgan and the Future of Kinship: Ancient Society and Modern Theory​

 Conclusion


_____________________________________________________________________________

SISTERS' SONS AND MONKEYS' UNCLES:

  STUDIES IN KINSHIP AND THE NATURAL ORDER (Sources)

Introduction

The Conditions of Sexual Evolution: Law of the Dispensable Male
 ---Communications 35, 1982, Western Sexualities, Challenge of Anthropology (2004)

Comparative Family Patterns: Taming the Dispensable Male
Kinship and Alliance: The Creation of In-laws
---Encounter with Anthropology (1973)

Sibling Incest: The Westermarck Effect and Fox's Law
---British J. of Sociology 1962, The Red Lamp of Incest (1980/83)

The Female Orgasm: Adaptation or Accident?
---Challenge of Anthropology

Primate Kin and Human Kinship
 ---Biosocial Anthropology , Fox ed., 19.

Sisters' Sons and Monkeys' Uncles: Six Theories in Search of an Avunculate
 ---Reproduction and Succession 1992
 
Kinship Categories as Natural Categories
 ---The Search for Society
 
Crow-Omaha Systems and the Elementary-Complex Continuum
Will the Real Murngin System Please Stand Up?
 ---The Challenge of Anthropology  1994
 
Kinship and Marriage on the Moon: Limits of the Possible
 ---Original for P.N.A.S.
 
Marry in or Die Out: Optimal Inbreeding and the Meaning of Mediogamy
 ---Handbook of Evolution and Society, 2015 (Abridged)

Morgan and the Comparative Method: Ancient Society and Modern Theory
---Tribal Imagination (2014)

Conclusion

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Compilations in progress:


INHUMAN NATURE and UNNATURAL RIGHTS:

Collected Studies in the Matter of Mind and Morality


Introduction

The Matter of Mind: Mind and Society in Evolution
 
The Passionate Mind: Brain, Dreams, Memory, Evolution and Social Categories

Prejudice and the Unfinished Mind: What Happens When We Think and Judge?

Myth and Mind: With a Note on the Unraveling of Trickster

Time Out of Mind: Tribal Tempo and Civilized Temporality

The Old Adam and the Last Man: Taming the Savage Mind

Inhuman Nature and Unnatural Rights

Moral Sense and Utopian Sensibility

The Human in Human Rights: Tribal Needs and Civilized Ideals

Which Ten Commandments? Tribal Taboos and Priestley Morality

Conclusion




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THE DARKER ANGELS OF OUR NATURE

Corporate and Personal Violence

Introduction

The Violent Imagination
---The Violent Imagination   Passionate Mind

The Inherent Rules of Violence
---The Search for Society

Aggression Then and Now
---Man and Beast Revisited (1991)

The Human Nature of Violence
Has war a Future? Goodnight Eirene
Violence, Ideology and Inquisition: Encounter with Seville
​---Challenge of Anthropology


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THE CULTURAL ANIMAL

Writings on the blank slate and how to read them (1966-2016)


Introduction:

The Zoological Perspective in Social Science (Tiger and Fox)
---Man: The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

In the Beginning: Aspects of Hominid Behavioral Evolution
----Man:The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute

The Cultural Animal
---Man and  Beast: Comparative Social Behavior (1971), Encounter with Anthropology, The Search for Society

The Biosocial Orientation:
---Conjectures and Confrontations (1997)

The Genealogy of  Sociobiology:
---Encyclopedia of Social Science, A and J Kuper eds, Routledge (1996)

The Conference of Foules
Violence:Ritual::Power:Authority
What Can Be Done About Sweden?
Design Failure: A Post-Tutorial Dialogue
---The Violent Imagination (1989) The Passionate Mind (2000 )

Self Interest and Social Concern
Scientific Humanism and Humanistic Science:
Nationalism: Hymns Ancient and Modern
Why Bureaucracy Fails
---Conjectures and Confrontations (1997)

Sumus ergo Cogitamus: Cognitive Science and the Western Intellectual Tradition
Anthropology and the Teddy Bears' Picnic:
---The Challenge of Anthropology

​​Darwin and the Donation of Durkheim I; Liberalism and the Legacy of Locke
Darwin and the Donation of Durkheim II: Bradley and the Benison of Bergson
The Disunity of Anthropology and the Unity of Mankind: Introduction to the Ethosystem
Consciousness out of Context: Evolution, History, Progress and the Post-post-industrial Society
---Search for Society

The Razor's Edge: Human Nature and the Teaching of Western Civilization
---The Character of Human Institutions (2015)

Conclusion



**********************************************************************************************

KINSHIP and CULTURE in CONTEXT and TIME:

Race, Family, Language, Religion, Food, Sex, Marriage, the State and Social Origins (1959-2016)



Introduction (These essays are on a variety of topics but have in common an ethnographic or physical/archaeological substance) 

The Abolition of Race​
---Encounter with Anthropology 1968/1973)

Prolegomena to the Study of British Kinship
---J. Gould ed.

Principles and Pragmatics on Tory Island: The Holy Family and its Alternatives
​---Belonging, Anthony P. Cohen ed. Manc.U.P. (1982)

The Structure of Personal Names on Tory: What's in a Name?
---Encounter with Anthropology

The Language of Cochiti Pueblo: By Their Speech Ye Shall Know Them
---Cochiti: A New Mexico Pueblo Past and Present, Charles Lange, UNM Press, 1959

Witches, Clans and Curing in Cochiti Pueblo: the Great Mother Fixation
---Encounter with Anthropology
(1968/73)

North American Indian Religion
---Encounter with Anthropology

​Food and Eating Out
---Challenge of Anthropology

Sex and Power among Macaque Monkeys
​---Challenge of anthropology/ Int. J. of Primatology

The Case of the Reluctant Genetrix: Motherhood versus the State in New Jersey
​The Case of the Polygamous Policeman: Marriage versus the State in Utah
​---Reproduction and Succession (1993)    

The Origins of Complex Society
---The Challenge of Anthropology

Seafood and Civilization: From Tribal to Complex Society
​The Kindness of Strangers: Tribalism and the Trials of Democracy in Iraq
Sects and Evolution:  Tribal Splits and Creedal Scisms
---The Tribal Imagination

Conclusion