History of Anthropology

                                                                                    The Young Lewis Henry Morgan

Rutgers University Department of Anthropology
Graduate Program in Anthropology
070-502 Graduate Pro-seminar in Anthropology – J. Harris and R. Fox

Section One: Alternate weeks:History of Social and Cultural Anthropology - Fox

Required Books:

Bohannan and Glazer eds. HIGH POINTS IN ANTHROPOLOGY
Patterson: A SOCIAL HISTORY OF ANTHROPOLOGY IN THE UNITED STATES

Optional:

Carniero: EVOLUTIONISM IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY


One: INTRODUCTION

Two: EVOLUTIONISM

HIGH POINTS:

Chapters I, 2, 3, (Spencer, Morgan, Tylor)
(Carniero: Chaps. 1,2,3,4)
Patterson: Chap 1

Extras:

Fox: "L. H. Morgan and the Reason for Anthropology"; Tylor "On a Method of Investigating the Development of Institutions." J.R.A.I. 1889; Frazer: "The Ten Commandments" – from Folklore in the Old Testament; Spencer: "Ceremonial Institutions" part IV of Principles of Sociology, 1879; Morgan: League of the Iroquois, 1851; Tylor: "Man and Other Animals" from Anthropology, 1881; "American Lot Games" 1879/96, in Source Book in Anthropology.

Three: HISTORICISM

HIGH POINTS:

Chaps. 4, 5, 6, 7 (Boas, Kroeber, Lowie)
(Carniero: 5)
Patterson: 2

Extras:

Lowie The Crow Indians; Boas, "Potlach of the Kwakiutl"; "Changes in Bodily form of the Descendants of Immigrants"; "Decorative Art of the North Pacific Coast." Kroeber, "Sub-human Culture Beginnings." (All in Source Book in Anthropology). Kroeber, Zuni Kin and Clan.

Four: FUNCTIONALISM

HIGH POINTS:

Chaps. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 (Durkheim, Mauss, Malinowski, Radcliffe-Brown)

Extras:

Mauss The Gift ; Malinowski, Argonauts of the Western Pacific, The Sexual Life of Savages; Durkheim and Mauss Primitive Classification; Durkheim, Suicide; Radcliffe-Brown, "The Mother's Brother in South Africa." Wilson "The View from the Social Sciences" in Darwin's Cathedral.



Five: PSYCHOLOGISM/LANGUAGE

HIGH POINTS:

Chaps. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 (Sapir, Whorf, Benedict, Linton, Kardiner.)
Patterson: 3

Extras:

Whiting: "Effects of Climate on Certain Cultural Practices"; Benedict, The Chrysanthemum and the Sword; Lakoff, Metaphors We Live By; Sapir, "The Social Organization of the West Coast Tribes" (in Source Book); Linton, Acculturation in Seven American Indian Tribes(two examples – Arapesh and Fox? – and last chapter). Kardiner – “Comanche” in The Psychological Frontiers of Society.

Six: MATERIALISM

HIGH POINTS:

Chaps. 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 (Steward, White, Sahlins, Harris)
(Carniero: 5, 6, 7)
Patterson: 4

Extras:

Steward, The People of Puerto Rico; White, The Pueblo of Sia, New Mexico; Harris, America Today; Sahlins, Anahulu: The Anthropology of History in the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Seven: STRUCTURALISM and after

HIGH POINTS:

Chaps: 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 (Evans-Pritchard, Lévi-Strauss, Turner, Geertz)
Patterson: 5

Extras:

E-P, The Nuer; L-S, Totemism ; Turner, The Ritual Process, "Body, Brain and Culture."; Geertz,The Interpretation of Cultures, (selections), or The Religion of Java.

Eight: ROUNDUP


Course Requirement: Basic reading, class presentations, two final essays.
Final essays: Contribution to anthropology of two significant individuals, drawn from the primary literature by and about them. How was their fieldwork relevant in developing method and theory in their respective disciplines?

Two papers, 15 pages (approx), one for each instructor. Due Dec. 5, no exceptions.